使用libcurl下载一个html文件,上传、下载一个普通文件

/***************************************************************************
 *                                  _   _ ____  _
 *  Project                     ___| | | |  _ \| |
 *                             / __| | | | |_) | |
 *                            | (__| |_| |  _ <| |___
 *                             \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1998 - 2019, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
 *
 * This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
 * you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
 * are also available at https://curl.haxx.se/docs/copyright.html.
 *
 * You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.
 *
 ***************************************************************************/
/* <DESC>
 * Download many files in parallel, in the same thread.
 * </DESC>
 */

#include <errno.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#ifndef WIN32
#  include <unistd.h>
#endif
#include <curl/curl.h>

static const char *urls[] = {
  "http://10.170.6.66",
  "http://localhost",
  "http://10.170.6.66/crtl-docs/",
  "http://10.170.6.66/crtl-docs/linux-kernel-map/index.html"
};

#define MAX_PARALLEL 10 /* number of simultaneous transfers */
#define NUM_URLS sizeof(urls)/sizeof(char *)

static size_t write_cb(char *data, size_t n, size_t l, void *userp)
{
    /* take care of the data here, ignored in this example */
    printf("\n\n>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>\n");
    printf("%s\n", data); //data 是一个html文件文本
    (void)data;
    (void)userp;
    return n*l;
}

static void add_transfer(CURLM *cm, int i)
{
  CURL *eh = curl_easy_init();//创建一个简单的句柄
  curl_easy_setopt(eh, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, write_cb);
  curl_easy_setopt(eh, CURLOPT_URL, urls[i]);
  curl_easy_setopt(eh, CURLOPT_PRIVATE, urls[i]);
  curl_multi_add_handle(cm, eh);
}

int main(void)
{
  CURLM *cm;
  CURLMsg *msg;
  unsigned int transfers = 0;
  int msgs_left = -1;
  int still_alive = 1;

  curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_ALL);
  cm = curl_multi_init(); //多线程

  /* Limit the amount of simultaneous connections curl should allow: */
  curl_multi_setopt(cm, CURLMOPT_MAXCONNECTS, (long)MAX_PARALLEL);

  for(transfers = 0; transfers < NUM_URLS; transfers++)
    add_transfer(cm, transfers);//将URL添加至 CURLM

  do {
    curl_multi_perform(cm, &still_alive); //执行一个 CURLM

    while((msg = curl_multi_info_read(cm, &msgs_left))) {//获取当前解析的cURL的相关传输信息
      if(msg->msg == CURLMSG_DONE) {
        char *url;
        CURL *e = msg->easy_handle;
        curl_easy_getinfo(msg->easy_handle, CURLINFO_PRIVATE, &url); //从 curl 句柄里获得附加信息
        fprintf(stderr, "R: %d - %s <%s>\n", msg->data.result, curl_easy_strerror(msg->data.result), url);
        curl_multi_remove_handle(cm, e);
        curl_easy_cleanup(e);
      } else {
        fprintf(stderr, "E: CURLMsg (%d)\n", msg->msg);
      }
      if(transfers < NUM_URLS)
        add_transfer(cm, transfers++);
    }
    if(still_alive)
      curl_multi_wait(cm, NULL, 0, 1000, NULL); //等待线程退出

  } while(still_alive || (transfers < NUM_URLS));

  curl_multi_cleanup(cm); //清除
  curl_global_cleanup();

  return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

编译: -lcurl

 

upload一个文件

/***************************************************************************
 *                                  _   _ ____  _
 *  Project                     ___| | | |  _ \| |
 *                             / __| | | | |_) | |
 *                            | (__| |_| |  _ <| |___
 *                             \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1998 - 2019, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
 *
 * This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
 * you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
 * are also available at https://curl.haxx.se/docs/copyright.html.
 *
 * You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.
 *
 ***************************************************************************/
/* <DESC>
 * Upload to a file:// URL
 * </DESC>
 */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <curl/curl.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

int main(void)
{
  CURL *curl;
  CURLcode res;
  struct stat file_info;
  curl_off_t speed_upload, total_time;
  FILE *fd;

  fd = fopen("debugit", "rb"); /* open file to upload */
  if(!fd)
    return 1; /* can't continue */

  /* to get the file size */
  if(fstat(fileno(fd), &file_info) != 0)
    return 1; /* can't continue */

  curl = curl_easy_init();
  if(curl) {
    /* upload to this place */
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL,
                     "file:///home/rongtao/debugit");
//                     "http://10.170.6.66/debugit"); //405 Method Not Allowed

    /* tell it to "upload" to the URL */
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_UPLOAD, 1L);

    /* set where to read from (on Windows you need to use READFUNCTION too) */
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_READDATA, fd);

    /* and give the size of the upload (optional) */
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_INFILESIZE_LARGE,
                     (curl_off_t)file_info.st_size);

    /* enable verbose for easier tracing */
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, 1L);

    res = curl_easy_perform(curl);
    /* Check for errors */
    if(res != CURLE_OK) {
      fprintf(stderr, "curl_easy_perform() failed: %s\n",
              curl_easy_strerror(res));

    }
    else {
      /* now extract transfer info */
//      curl_easy_getinfo(curl, CURLINFO_SPEED_UPLOAD_T, &speed_upload);
//      curl_easy_getinfo(curl, CURLINFO_TOTAL_TIME_T, &total_time);
      curl_easy_getinfo(curl, CURLINFO_SPEED_UPLOAD, &speed_upload);
      curl_easy_getinfo(curl, CURLINFO_TOTAL_TIME, &total_time);

      fprintf(stderr, "Speed: %" CURL_FORMAT_CURL_OFF_T " bytes/sec during %"
              CURL_FORMAT_CURL_OFF_T ".%06ld seconds\n",
              speed_upload,
              (total_time / 1000000), (long)(total_time % 1000000));

    }
    /* always cleanup */
    curl_easy_cleanup(curl);
  }
  fclose(fd);
  return 0;
}

download一个文件

/***************************************************************************
 *                                  _   _ ____  _
 *  Project                     ___| | | |  _ \| |
 *                             / __| | | | |_) | |
 *                            | (__| |_| |  _ <| |___
 *                             \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1998 - 2019, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
 *
 * This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
 * you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
 * are also available at https://curl.haxx.se/docs/copyright.html.
 *
 * You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.
 *
 ***************************************************************************/
#include <stdio.h>

#include <curl/curl.h>

/* <DESC>
 * Get a single file from an FTP server.
 * </DESC>
 */

struct FtpFile {
  const char *filename;
  FILE *stream;
};

static size_t my_fwrite(void *buffer, size_t size, size_t nmemb, void *stream)
{
  struct FtpFile *out = (struct FtpFile *)stream;
  if(!out->stream) {
    /* open file for writing */
    out->stream = fopen(out->filename, "wb");
    if(!out->stream)
      return -1; /* failure, can't open file to write */
  }
  return fwrite(buffer, size, nmemb, out->stream);
}


int main(void)
{
  CURL *curl;
  CURLcode res;
  struct FtpFile ftpfile = {
    "testfile", /* name to store the file as if successful */
    NULL
  };

  curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_DEFAULT);

  curl = curl_easy_init();
  if(curl) {
    /*
     * You better replace the URL with one that works!
     */
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL,
                     "http://10.170.6.66/testfile");
    /* Define our callback to get called when there's data to be written */
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, my_fwrite);
    /* Set a pointer to our struct to pass to the callback */
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_WRITEDATA, &ftpfile);

    /* Switch on full protocol/debug output */
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, 1L);

    res = curl_easy_perform(curl);

    /* always cleanup */
    curl_easy_cleanup(curl);

    if(CURLE_OK != res) {
      /* we failed */
      fprintf(stderr, "curl told us %d\n", res);
    }
  }

  if(ftpfile.stream)
    fclose(ftpfile.stream); /* close the local file */

  curl_global_cleanup();

  return 0;
}

 

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