常用libcurl功能编程实例

 

目录

导入和导出Cookie

在多线程GTK中使用curl

使用SSL上下文回调

CURLOPT_DEBUGFUNCTION如何使用?

epoll和timerfd的多套接字API使用


导入和导出Cookie

/***************************************************************************
 *                                  _   _ ____  _
 *  Project                     ___| | | |  _ \| |
 *                             / __| | | | |_) | |
 *                            | (__| |_| |  _ <| |___
 *                             \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1998 - 2018, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
 *
 * This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
 * you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
 * are also available at https://curl.haxx.se/docs/copyright.html.
 *
 * You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.
 * Cookie,有时也用其复数形式 Cookies。类型为“小型文本文件”,是某些网站为了辨别用户身份,
 *  进行Session跟踪而储存在用户本地终端上的数据(通常经过加密),
 *  由用户客户端计算机暂时或永久保存的信息
 ***************************************************************************/
/* <DESC>
 * Import and export cookies with COOKIELIST. 导入和导出Cookie
 * </DESC>
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <time.h>

#include <curl/curl.h>

static void
print_cookies(CURL *curl)
{
  CURLcode res;
  struct curl_slist *cookies;
  struct curl_slist *nc;
  int i;

  printf("Cookies, curl knows:\n");
  res = curl_easy_getinfo(curl, CURLINFO_COOKIELIST, &cookies);
  if(res != CURLE_OK) {
    fprintf(stderr, "Curl curl_easy_getinfo failed: %s\n",
            curl_easy_strerror(res));
    exit(1);
  }
  nc = cookies;
  i = 1;
  while(nc) {
    printf("[%d]: %s\n", i, nc->data);
    nc = nc->next;
    i++;
  }
  if(i == 1) {
    printf("(none)\n");
  }
  curl_slist_free_all(cookies);
}

int
main(void)
{
  CURL *curl;
  CURLcode res;

  curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_ALL);
  curl = curl_easy_init();
  if(curl) {
    char nline[256];

    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, "http://10.170.6.66/");
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, 1L);
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, ""); /* start cookie engine */
    res = curl_easy_perform(curl);
    if(res != CURLE_OK) {
      fprintf(stderr, "Curl perform failed: %s\n", curl_easy_strerror(res));
      return 1;
    }

    print_cookies(curl);

    printf("Erasing curl's knowledge of cookies!\n");
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_COOKIELIST, "ALL");

    print_cookies(curl);

    printf("-----------------------------------------------\n"
           "Setting a cookie \"PREF\" via cookie interface:\n");
#ifdef WIN32
#define snprintf _snprintf
#endif
    /* Netscape format cookie */
    snprintf(nline, sizeof(nline), "%s\t%s\t%s\t%s\t%lu\t%s\t%s",
             ".example.com", "TRUE", "/", "FALSE",
             (unsigned long)time(NULL) + 31337UL,
             "PREF", "hello example, i like you very much!");
    res = curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_COOKIELIST, nline);
    if(res != CURLE_OK) {
      fprintf(stderr, "Curl curl_easy_setopt failed: %s\n",
              curl_easy_strerror(res));
      return 1;
    }

    /* HTTP-header style cookie. If you use the Set-Cookie format and don't
    specify a domain then the cookie is sent for any domain and will not be
    modified, likely not what you intended. Starting in 7.43.0 any-domain
    cookies will not be exported either. For more information refer to the
    CURLOPT_COOKIELIST documentation.
    */
    snprintf(nline, sizeof(nline),
      "Set-Cookie: OLD_PREF=3d141414bf4209321; "
      "expires=Sun, 17-Jan-2038 19:14:07 GMT; path=/; domain=.example.com");
    res = curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_COOKIELIST, nline);
    if(res != CURLE_OK) {
      fprintf(stderr, "Curl curl_easy_setopt failed: %s\n",
              curl_easy_strerror(res));
      return 1;
    }

    print_cookies(curl);

    res = curl_easy_perform(curl);
    if(res != CURLE_OK) {
      fprintf(stderr, "Curl perform failed: %s\n", curl_easy_strerror(res));
      return 1;
    }

    curl_easy_cleanup(curl);
  }
  else {
    fprintf(stderr, "Curl init failed!\n");
    return 1;
  }

  curl_global_cleanup();
  return 0;
}

在多线程GTK中使用curl

/*****************************************************************************
 *                                  _   _ ____  _
 *  Project                     ___| | | |  _ \| |
 *                             / __| | | | |_) | |
 *                            | (__| |_| |  _ <| |___
 *                             \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
 *
 *  Copyright (c) 2000 - 2019 David Odin (aka DindinX) for MandrakeSoft
 */
/* <DESC>
 * use the libcurl in a gtk-threaded application
 * </DESC>
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <gtk/gtk.h>
#include <glib.h> //in gthread.h

#include <curl/curl.h>

GtkWidget *Bar;

size_t my_write_func(void *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb, FILE *stream)
{
  return fwrite(ptr, size, nmemb, stream);
}

size_t my_read_func(void *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb, FILE *stream)
{
  return fread(ptr, size, nmemb, stream);
}

int my_progress_func(GtkWidget *bar,
                     double t, /* dltotal */
                     double d, /* dlnow */
                     double ultotal,
                     double ulnow)
{
/*  printf("%d / %d (%g %%)\n", d, t, d*100.0/t);*/
  gdk_threads_enter();
  gtk_progress_set_value(GTK_PROGRESS(bar), d*100.0/t);
  gdk_threads_leave();
  return 0;
}

void *my_thread(void *ptr)
{
  CURL *curl;

  curl = curl_easy_init();
  if(curl) {
    gchar *url = ptr;
    const char *filename = "test.curl";
    FILE *outfile = fopen(filename, "wb");

    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, url);
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_WRITEDATA, outfile);
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, my_write_func);
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_READFUNCTION, my_read_func);
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_NOPROGRESS, 0L);
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_PROGRESSFUNCTION, my_progress_func);
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_PROGRESSDATA, Bar);

    curl_easy_perform(curl);

    fclose(outfile);
    /* always cleanup */
    curl_easy_cleanup(curl);
  }

  return NULL;
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
  GtkWidget *Window, *Frame, *Frame2;
  GtkAdjustment *adj;

  /* Must initialize libcurl before any threads are started */
  curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_ALL);

  /* Init thread */
  g_thread_init(NULL);

  gtk_init(&argc, &argv);
  Window = gtk_window_new(GTK_WINDOW_TOPLEVEL);
  Frame = gtk_frame_new(NULL);
  gtk_frame_set_shadow_type(GTK_FRAME(Frame), GTK_SHADOW_OUT);
  gtk_container_add(GTK_CONTAINER(Window), Frame);
  Frame2 = gtk_frame_new(NULL);
  gtk_frame_set_shadow_type(GTK_FRAME(Frame2), GTK_SHADOW_IN);
  gtk_container_add(GTK_CONTAINER(Frame), Frame2);
  gtk_container_set_border_width(GTK_CONTAINER(Frame2), 5);
  adj = (GtkAdjustment*)gtk_adjustment_new(0, 0, 100, 0, 0, 0);
  Bar = gtk_progress_bar_new_with_adjustment(adj);
  gtk_container_add(GTK_CONTAINER(Frame2), Bar);
  gtk_widget_show_all(Window);

  if(!g_thread_create(&my_thread, argv[1], FALSE, NULL) != 0)
    g_warning("can't create the thread");


  gdk_threads_enter();
  gtk_main();
  gdk_threads_leave();
  return 0;
}

使用SSL上下文回调

/*
  curlx.c  Authors: Peter Sylvester, Jean-Paul Merlin

  This is a little program to demonstrate the usage of

  - an ssl initialisation callback setting a user key and trustbases
  coming from a pkcs12 file
  - using an ssl application callback to find a URI in the
  certificate presented during ssl session establishment.

*/
/* <DESC>
 * demonstrates use of SSL context callback, requires OpenSSL 演示使用SSL上下文回调,需要OpenSSL
 * </DESC>
 */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2003 - 2019 The OpenEvidence Project.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions, the following disclaimer,
 *    and the original OpenSSL and SSLeay Licences below.
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions, the following disclaimer
 *    and the original OpenSSL and SSLeay Licences below in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this
 *    software must display the following acknowledgments:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the Openevidence Project
 *    for use in the OpenEvidence Toolkit. (http://www.openevidence.org/)"
 *    This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (https://www.openssl.org/)"
 *    This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 *    (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 *    Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com)."
 *
 * 4. The names "OpenEvidence Toolkit" and "OpenEvidence Project" must not be
 *    used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    prior written permission. For written permission, please contact
 *    openevidence-core@openevidence.org.
 *
 * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "OpenEvidence"
 *    nor may "OpenEvidence" appear in their names without prior written
 *    permission of the OpenEvidence Project.
 *
 * 6. Redistributions of any form whatsoever must retain the following
 *    acknowledgments:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenEvidence Project
 *    for use in the OpenEvidence Toolkit (http://www.openevidence.org/)
 *    This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (https://www.openssl.org/)"
 *    This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 *    (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 *    Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com)."
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE OpenEvidence PROJECT ``AS IS'' AND ANY
 * EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OpenEvidence PROJECT OR
 * ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 * ====================================================================
 *
 * This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 * for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (https://www.openssl.org/)
 * This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 * (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 * Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 *
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <curl/curl.h>
#include <openssl/x509v3.h>
#include <openssl/x509_vfy.h>
#include <openssl/crypto.h>
#include <openssl/lhash.h>
#include <openssl/objects.h>
#include <openssl/err.h>
#include <openssl/evp.h>
#include <openssl/x509.h>
#include <openssl/pkcs12.h>
#include <openssl/bio.h>
#include <openssl/ssl.h>

static const char *curlx_usage[]={
  "usage: curlx args\n",
  " -p12 arg         - tia  file ",
  " -envpass arg     - environment variable which content the tia private"
  " key password",
  " -out arg         - output file (response)- default stdout",
  " -in arg          - input file (request)- default stdin",
  " -connect arg     - URL of the server for the connection ex:"
  " www.openevidence.org",
  " -mimetype arg    - MIME type for data in ex : application/timestamp-query"
  " or application/dvcs -default application/timestamp-query",
  " -acceptmime arg  - MIME type acceptable for the response ex : "
  "application/timestamp-response or application/dvcs -default none",
  " -accesstype arg  - an Object identifier in an AIA/SIA method, e.g."
  " AD_DVCS or ad_timestamping",
  NULL
};

/*

./curlx -p12 psy.p12 -envpass XX -in request -verbose -accesstype AD_DVCS
-mimetype application/dvcs -acceptmime application/dvcs -out response

*/

/*
 * We use this ZERO_NULL to avoid picky compiler warnings,
 * when assigning a NULL pointer to a function pointer var.
 */

#define ZERO_NULL 0

/* This is a context that we pass to all callbacks */

typedef struct sslctxparm_st {
  unsigned char *p12file;
  const char *pst;
  PKCS12 *p12;
  EVP_PKEY *pkey;
  X509 *usercert;
  STACK_OF(X509) * ca;
  CURL *curl;
  BIO *errorbio;
  int accesstype;
  int verbose;

} sslctxparm;

/* some helper function. */

static char *ia5string(ASN1_IA5STRING *ia5)
{
  char *tmp;
  if(!ia5 || !ia5->length)
    return NULL;
  tmp = OPENSSL_malloc(ia5->length + 1);
  memcpy(tmp, ia5->data, ia5->length);
  tmp[ia5->length] = 0;
  return tmp;
}

/* A convenience routine to get an access URI. */
static unsigned char *my_get_ext(X509 *cert, const int type,
                                 int extensiontype)
{
  int i;
  STACK_OF(ACCESS_DESCRIPTION) * accessinfo;
  accessinfo =  X509_get_ext_d2i(cert, extensiontype, NULL, NULL);

  if(!sk_ACCESS_DESCRIPTION_num(accessinfo))
    return NULL;
  for(i = 0; i < sk_ACCESS_DESCRIPTION_num(accessinfo); i++) {
    ACCESS_DESCRIPTION * ad = sk_ACCESS_DESCRIPTION_value(accessinfo, i);
    if(OBJ_obj2nid(ad->method) == type) {
      if(ad->location->type == GEN_URI) {
        return ia5string(ad->location->d.ia5);
      }
      return NULL;
    }
  }
  return NULL;
}

/* This is an application verification call back, it does not
   perform any addition verification but tries to find a URL
   in the presented certificate. If found, this will become
   the URL to be used in the POST.
*/

static int ssl_app_verify_callback(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx, void *arg)
{
  sslctxparm * p = (sslctxparm *) arg;
  int ok;

  if(p->verbose > 2)
    BIO_printf(p->errorbio, "entering ssl_app_verify_callback\n");

  ok = X509_verify_cert(ctx);
  if(ok && ctx->cert) {
    unsigned char *accessinfo;
    if(p->verbose > 1)
      X509_print_ex(p->errorbio, ctx->cert, 0, 0);

    accessinfo = my_get_ext(ctx->cert, p->accesstype, NID_sinfo_access);
    if(accessinfo) {
      if(p->verbose)
        BIO_printf(p->errorbio, "Setting URL from SIA to: %s\n", accessinfo);

      curl_easy_setopt(p->curl, CURLOPT_URL, accessinfo);
    }
    else if(accessinfo = my_get_ext(ctx->cert, p->accesstype,
                                    NID_info_access)) {
      if(p->verbose)
        BIO_printf(p->errorbio, "Setting URL from AIA to: %s\n", accessinfo);

      curl_easy_setopt(p->curl, CURLOPT_URL, accessinfo);
    }
  }
  if(p->verbose > 2)
    BIO_printf(p->errorbio, "leaving ssl_app_verify_callback with %d\n", ok);

  return ok;
}


/* The SSL initialisation callback. The callback sets:
   - a private key and certificate
   - a trusted ca certificate
   - a preferred cipherlist
   - an application verification callback (the function above)
*/

static CURLcode sslctxfun(CURL *curl, void *sslctx, void *parm)
{
  sslctxparm *p = (sslctxparm *) parm;
  SSL_CTX *ctx = (SSL_CTX *) sslctx;

  if(!SSL_CTX_use_certificate(ctx, p->usercert)) {
    BIO_printf(p->errorbio, "SSL_CTX_use_certificate problem\n");
    goto err;
  }
  if(!SSL_CTX_use_PrivateKey(ctx, p->pkey)) {
    BIO_printf(p->errorbio, "SSL_CTX_use_PrivateKey\n");
    goto err;
  }

  if(!SSL_CTX_check_private_key(ctx)) {
    BIO_printf(p->errorbio, "SSL_CTX_check_private_key\n");
    goto err;
  }

  SSL_CTX_set_quiet_shutdown(ctx, 1);
  SSL_CTX_set_cipher_list(ctx, "RC4-MD5");
  SSL_CTX_set_mode(ctx, SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY);

  X509_STORE_add_cert(SSL_CTX_get_cert_store(ctx),
                      sk_X509_value(p->ca, sk_X509_num(p->ca)-1));

  SSL_CTX_set_verify_depth(ctx, 2);
  SSL_CTX_set_verify(ctx, SSL_VERIFY_PEER, ZERO_NULL);
  SSL_CTX_set_cert_verify_callback(ctx, ssl_app_verify_callback, parm);

  return CURLE_OK;
  err:
  ERR_print_errors(p->errorbio);
  return CURLE_SSL_CERTPROBLEM;

}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
  BIO* in = NULL;
  BIO* out = NULL;

  char *outfile = NULL;
  char *infile = NULL;

  int tabLength = 100;
  char *binaryptr;
  char *mimetype = NULL;
  char *mimetypeaccept = NULL;
  char *contenttype;
  const char **pp;
  unsigned char *hostporturl = NULL;
  BIO *p12bio;
  char **args = argv + 1;
  unsigned char *serverurl;
  sslctxparm p;
  char *response;

  CURLcode res;
  struct curl_slist *headers = NULL;
  int badarg = 0;

  binaryptr = malloc(tabLength);

  memset(&p, '\0', sizeof(p));
  p.errorbio = BIO_new_fp(stderr, BIO_NOCLOSE);

  curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_DEFAULT);

  /* we need some more for the P12 decoding */

  OpenSSL_add_all_ciphers();
  OpenSSL_add_all_digests();
  ERR_load_crypto_strings();

  while(*args && *args[0] == '-') {
    if(!strcmp (*args, "-in")) {
      if(args[1]) {
        infile = *(++args);
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(!strcmp (*args, "-out")) {
      if(args[1]) {
        outfile = *(++args);
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(!strcmp (*args, "-p12")) {
      if(args[1]) {
        p.p12file = *(++args);
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(strcmp(*args, "-envpass") == 0) {
      if(args[1]) {
        p.pst = getenv(*(++args));
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(strcmp(*args, "-connect") == 0) {
      if(args[1]) {
        hostporturl = *(++args);
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(strcmp(*args, "-mimetype") == 0) {
      if(args[1]) {
        mimetype = *(++args);
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(strcmp(*args, "-acceptmime") == 0) {
      if(args[1]) {
        mimetypeaccept = *(++args);
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(strcmp(*args, "-accesstype") == 0) {
      if(args[1]) {
        p.accesstype = OBJ_obj2nid(OBJ_txt2obj(*++args, 0));
        if(p.accesstype == 0)
          badarg = 1;
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(strcmp(*args, "-verbose") == 0) {
      p.verbose++;
    }
    else
      badarg = 1;
    args++;
  }

  if(mimetype == NULL || mimetypeaccept == NULL || p.p12file == NULL)
    badarg = 1;

  if(badarg) {
    for(pp = curlx_usage; (*pp != NULL); pp++)
      BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "%s\n", *pp);
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "\n");
    goto err;
  }

  /* set input */

  in = BIO_new(BIO_s_file());
  if(in == NULL) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Error setting input bio\n");
    goto err;
  }
  else if(infile == NULL)
    BIO_set_fp(in, stdin, BIO_NOCLOSE|BIO_FP_TEXT);
  else if(BIO_read_filename(in, infile) <= 0) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Error opening input file %s\n", infile);
    BIO_free(in);
    goto err;
  }

  /* set output  */

  out = BIO_new(BIO_s_file());
  if(out == NULL) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Error setting output bio.\n");
    goto err;
  }
  else if(outfile == NULL)
    BIO_set_fp(out, stdout, BIO_NOCLOSE|BIO_FP_TEXT);
  else if(BIO_write_filename(out, outfile) <= 0) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Error opening output file %s\n", outfile);
    BIO_free(out);
    goto err;
  }


  p.errorbio = BIO_new_fp(stderr, BIO_NOCLOSE);

  p.curl = curl_easy_init();
  if(!p.curl) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Cannot init curl lib\n");
    goto err;
  }

  p12bio = BIO_new_file(p.p12file, "rb");
  if(!p12bio) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Error opening P12 file %s\n", p.p12file);
    goto err;
  }
  p.p12 = d2i_PKCS12_bio(p12bio, NULL);
  if(!p.p12) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Cannot decode P12 structure %s\n", p.p12file);
    goto err;
  }

  p.ca = NULL;
  if(!(PKCS12_parse (p.p12, p.pst, &(p.pkey), &(p.usercert), &(p.ca) ) )) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Invalid P12 structure in %s\n", p.p12file);
    goto err;
  }

  if(sk_X509_num(p.ca) <= 0) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "No trustworthy CA given.%s\n", p.p12file);
    goto err;
  }

  if(p.verbose > 1)
    X509_print_ex(p.errorbio, p.usercert, 0, 0);

  /* determine URL to go */

  if(hostporturl) {
    size_t len = strlen(hostporturl) + 9;
    serverurl = malloc(len);
    snprintf(serverurl, len, "http://%s", hostporturl);
  }
  else if(p.accesstype != 0) { /* see whether we can find an AIA or SIA for a
                                  given access type */
    serverurl = my_get_ext(p.usercert, p.accesstype, NID_info_access);
    if(!serverurl) {
      int j = 0;
      BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "no service URL in user cert "
                 "cherching in others certificats\n");
      for(j = 0; j<sk_X509_num(p.ca); j++) {
        serverurl = my_get_ext(sk_X509_value(p.ca, j), p.accesstype,
                               NID_info_access);
        if(serverurl)
          break;
        serverurl = my_get_ext(sk_X509_value(p.ca, j), p.accesstype,
                               NID_sinfo_access);
        if(serverurl)
          break;
      }
    }
  }

  if(!serverurl) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "no service URL in certificats,"
               " check '-accesstype (AD_DVCS | ad_timestamping)'"
               " or use '-connect'\n");
    goto err;
  }

  if(p.verbose)
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Service URL: <%s>\n", serverurl);

  curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_URL, serverurl);

  /* Now specify the POST binary data */

  curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, binaryptr);
  curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDSIZE, (long)tabLength);

  /* pass our list of custom made headers */

  contenttype = malloc(15 + strlen(mimetype));
  snprintf(contenttype, 15 + strlen(mimetype), "Content-type: %s", mimetype);
  headers = curl_slist_append(headers, contenttype);
  curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, headers);

  if(p.verbose)
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Service URL: <%s>\n", serverurl);

  {
    FILE *outfp;
    BIO_get_fp(out, &outfp);
    curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_WRITEDATA, outfp);
  }

  res = curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_SSL_CTX_FUNCTION, sslctxfun);

  if(res != CURLE_OK)
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "%d %s=%d %d\n", __LINE__,
               "CURLOPT_SSL_CTX_FUNCTION", CURLOPT_SSL_CTX_FUNCTION, res);

  curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_SSL_CTX_DATA, &p);

  {
    char *ptr;
    int lu; int i = 0;
    while((lu = BIO_read(in, &binaryptr[i], tabLength-i)) >0) {
      i += lu;
      if(i == tabLength) {
        tabLength += 100;
        ptr = realloc(binaryptr, tabLength); /* should be more careful */
        if(!ptr) {
          /* out of memory */
          BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "out of memory (realloc returned NULL)\n");
          goto fail;
        }
        binaryptr = ptr;
        ptr = NULL;
      }
    }
    tabLength = i;
  }
  /* Now specify the POST binary data */

  curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, binaryptr);
  curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDSIZE, (long)tabLength);


  /* Perform the request, res will get the return code */

  BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "%d %s %d\n", __LINE__, "curl_easy_perform",
             res = curl_easy_perform(p.curl));
  {
    curl_easy_getinfo(p.curl, CURLINFO_CONTENT_TYPE, &response);
    if(mimetypeaccept && p.verbose) {
      if(!strcmp(mimetypeaccept, response))
        BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "the response has a correct mimetype : %s\n",
                   response);
      else
        BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "the response doesn\'t have an acceptable "
                   "mime type, it is %s instead of %s\n",
                   response, mimetypeaccept);
    }
  }

  /*** code d'erreur si accept mime ***, egalement code return HTTP != 200 ***/

/* free the header list*/
fail:
  curl_slist_free_all(headers);

  /* always cleanup */
  curl_easy_cleanup(p.curl);

  BIO_free(in);
  BIO_free(out);
  return (EXIT_SUCCESS);

  err: BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "error");
  exit(1);
}

CURLOPT_DEBUGFUNCTION如何使用?

/***************************************************************************
 *                                  _   _ ____  _
 *  Project                     ___| | | |  _ \| |
 *                             / __| | | | |_) | |
 *                            | (__| |_| |  _ <| |___
 *                             \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1998 - 2018, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
 *
 * This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
 * you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
 * are also available at https://curl.haxx.se/docs/copyright.html.
 *
 * You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.
 *
 ***************************************************************************/
/* <DESC>
 * Show how CURLOPT_DEBUGFUNCTION can be used.
 * </DESC>
 */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <curl/curl.h>

struct data {
  char trace_ascii; /* 1 or 0 */
};

static
void dump(const char *text,
          FILE *stream, unsigned char *ptr, size_t size,
          char nohex)
{
  size_t i;
  size_t c;

  unsigned int width = 0x10;

  if(nohex)
    /* without the hex output, we can fit more on screen */
    width = 0x40;

  fprintf(stream, "%s, %10.10lu bytes (0x%8.8lx)\n",
          text, (unsigned long)size, (unsigned long)size);

  for(i = 0; i<size; i += width) {

    fprintf(stream, "%4.4lx: ", (unsigned long)i);

    if(!nohex) {
      /* hex not disabled, show it */
      for(c = 0; c < width; c++)
        if(i + c < size)
          fprintf(stream, "%02x ", ptr[i + c]);
        else
          fputs("   ", stream);
    }

    for(c = 0; (c < width) && (i + c < size); c++) {
      /* check for 0D0A; if found, skip past and start a new line of output */
      if(nohex && (i + c + 1 < size) && ptr[i + c] == 0x0D &&
         ptr[i + c + 1] == 0x0A) {
        i += (c + 2 - width);
        break;
      }
      fprintf(stream, "%c",
              (ptr[i + c] >= 0x20) && (ptr[i + c]<0x80)?ptr[i + c]:'.');
      /* check again for 0D0A, to avoid an extra \n if it's at width */
      if(nohex && (i + c + 2 < size) && ptr[i + c + 1] == 0x0D &&
         ptr[i + c + 2] == 0x0A) {
        i += (c + 3 - width);
        break;
      }
    }
    fputc('\n', stream); /* newline */
  }
  fflush(stream);
}

static
int my_trace(CURL *handle, curl_infotype type,
             char *data, size_t size,
             void *userp)
{
  struct data *config = (struct data *)userp;
  const char *text;
  (void)handle; /* prevent compiler warning */

  switch(type) {
  case CURLINFO_TEXT:
    fprintf(stderr, "== Info: %s", data);
    /* FALLTHROUGH */
  default: /* in case a new one is introduced to shock us */
    return 0;

  case CURLINFO_HEADER_OUT:
    text = "=> Send header";
    break;
  case CURLINFO_DATA_OUT:
    text = "=> Send data";
    break;
  case CURLINFO_SSL_DATA_OUT:
    text = "=> Send SSL data";
    break;
  case CURLINFO_HEADER_IN:
    text = "<= Recv header";
    break;
  case CURLINFO_DATA_IN:
    text = "<= Recv data";
    break;
  case CURLINFO_SSL_DATA_IN:
    text = "<= Recv SSL data";
    break;
  }

  dump(text, stderr, (unsigned char *)data, size, config->trace_ascii);
  return 0;
}

int main(void)
{
  CURL *curl;
  CURLcode res;
  struct data config;

  config.trace_ascii = 1; /* enable ascii tracing */

  curl = curl_easy_init();
  if(curl) {
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_DEBUGFUNCTION, my_trace);
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_DEBUGDATA, &config);

    /* the DEBUGFUNCTION has no effect until we enable VERBOSE */
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, 1L);

    /* example.com is redirected, so we tell libcurl to follow redirection */
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, 1L);

    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, "http://10.170.6.66");
    res = curl_easy_perform(curl);
    /* Check for errors */
    if(res != CURLE_OK)
      fprintf(stderr, "curl_easy_perform() failed: %s\n",
              curl_easy_strerror(res));

    /* always cleanup */
    curl_easy_cleanup(curl);
  }
  return 0;
}

epoll和timerfd的多套接字API使用

/***************************************************************************
 *                                  _   _ ____  _
 *  Project                     ___| | | |  _ \| |
 *                             / __| | | | |_) | |
 *                            | (__| |_| |  _ <| |___
 *                             \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1998 - 2019, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
 *
 * This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
 * you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
 * are also available at https://curl.haxx.se/docs/copyright.html.
 *
 * You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.
 *
 ***************************************************************************/
/* <DESC>
 * multi socket API usage with epoll and timerfd epoll和timerfd的多套接字API使用
 * </DESC>
 */
/* Example application source code using the multi socket interface to
 * download many files at once.
 *
 * This example features the same basic functionality as hiperfifo.c does,
 * but this uses epoll and timerfd instead of libevent.
 *
 * Written by Jeff Pohlmeyer, converted to use epoll by Josh Bialkowski

Requires a linux system with epoll

When running, the program creates the named pipe "hiper.fifo"

Whenever there is input into the fifo, the program reads the input as a list
of URL's and creates some new easy handles to fetch each URL via the
curl_multi "hiper" API.


Thus, you can try a single URL:
  % echo http://www.yahoo.com > hiper.fifo

Or a whole bunch of them:
  % cat my-url-list > hiper.fifo

The fifo buffer is handled almost instantly, so you can even add more URL's
while the previous requests are still being downloaded.

Note:
  For the sake of simplicity, URL length is limited to 1023 char's !

This is purely a demo app, all retrieved data is simply discarded by the write
callback.

*/

#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/epoll.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/timerfd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include <curl/curl.h>

#define MSG_OUT stdout /* Send info to stdout, change to stderr if you want */


/* Global information, common to all connections */
typedef struct _GlobalInfo
{
  int epfd;    /* epoll filedescriptor */
  int tfd;     /* timer filedescriptor */
  int fifofd;  /* fifo filedescriptor */
  CURLM *multi;
  int still_running;
  FILE *input;
} GlobalInfo;


/* Information associated with a specific easy handle */
typedef struct _ConnInfo
{
  CURL *easy;
  char *url;
  GlobalInfo *global;
  char error[CURL_ERROR_SIZE];
} ConnInfo;


/* Information associated with a specific socket */
typedef struct _SockInfo
{
  curl_socket_t sockfd;
  CURL *easy;
  int action;
  long timeout;
  GlobalInfo *global;
} SockInfo;

#define mycase(code) \
  case code: s = __STRING(code)

/* Die if we get a bad CURLMcode somewhere */
static void mcode_or_die(const char *where, CURLMcode code)
{
  if(CURLM_OK != code) {
    const char *s;
    switch(code) {
      mycase(CURLM_BAD_HANDLE); break;
      mycase(CURLM_BAD_EASY_HANDLE); break;
      mycase(CURLM_OUT_OF_MEMORY); break;
      mycase(CURLM_INTERNAL_ERROR); break;
      mycase(CURLM_UNKNOWN_OPTION); break;
      mycase(CURLM_LAST); break;
      default: s = "CURLM_unknown"; break;
      mycase(CURLM_BAD_SOCKET);
      fprintf(MSG_OUT, "ERROR: %s returns %s\n", where, s);
      /* ignore this error */
      return;
    }
    fprintf(MSG_OUT, "ERROR: %s returns %s\n", where, s);
    exit(code);
  }
}

static void timer_cb(GlobalInfo* g, int revents);

/* Update the timer after curl_multi library does it's thing. Curl will
 * inform us through this callback what it wants the new timeout to be,
 * after it does some work. */
static int multi_timer_cb(CURLM *multi, long timeout_ms, GlobalInfo *g)
{
  struct itimerspec its;

  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "multi_timer_cb: Setting timeout to %ld ms\n", timeout_ms);

  if(timeout_ms > 0) {
    its.it_interval.tv_sec = 1;
    its.it_interval.tv_nsec = 0;
    its.it_value.tv_sec = timeout_ms / 1000;
    its.it_value.tv_nsec = (timeout_ms % 1000) * 1000 * 1000;
  }
  else if(timeout_ms == 0) {
    /* libcurl wants us to timeout now, however setting both fields of
     * new_value.it_value to zero disarms the timer. The closest we can
     * do is to schedule the timer to fire in 1 ns. */
    its.it_interval.tv_sec = 1;
    its.it_interval.tv_nsec = 0;
    its.it_value.tv_sec = 0;
    its.it_value.tv_nsec = 1;
  }
  else {
    memset(&its, 0, sizeof(struct itimerspec));
  }

  timerfd_settime(g->tfd, /*flags=*/0, &its, NULL);
  return 0;
}


/* Check for completed transfers, and remove their easy handles */
static void check_multi_info(GlobalInfo *g)
{
  char *eff_url;
  CURLMsg *msg;
  int msgs_left;
  ConnInfo *conn;
  CURL *easy;
  CURLcode res;

  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "REMAINING: %d\n", g->still_running);
  while((msg = curl_multi_info_read(g->multi, &msgs_left))) {
    if(msg->msg == CURLMSG_DONE) {
      easy = msg->easy_handle;
      res = msg->data.result;
      curl_easy_getinfo(easy, CURLINFO_PRIVATE, &conn);
      curl_easy_getinfo(easy, CURLINFO_EFFECTIVE_URL, &eff_url);
      fprintf(MSG_OUT, "DONE: %s => (%d) %s\n", eff_url, res, conn->error);
      curl_multi_remove_handle(g->multi, easy);
      free(conn->url);
      curl_easy_cleanup(easy);
      free(conn);
    }
  }
}

/* Called by libevent when we get action on a multi socket filedescriptor*/
static void event_cb(GlobalInfo *g, int fd, int revents)
{
  CURLMcode rc;
  struct itimerspec its;

  int action = ((revents & EPOLLIN) ? CURL_CSELECT_IN : 0) |
               ((revents & EPOLLOUT) ? CURL_CSELECT_OUT : 0);

  rc = curl_multi_socket_action(g->multi, fd, action, &g->still_running);
  mcode_or_die("event_cb: curl_multi_socket_action", rc);

  check_multi_info(g);
  if(g->still_running <= 0) {
    fprintf(MSG_OUT, "last transfer done, kill timeout\n");
    memset(&its, 0, sizeof(struct itimerspec));
    timerfd_settime(g->tfd, 0, &its, NULL);
  }
}

/* Called by main loop when our timeout expires */
static void timer_cb(GlobalInfo* g, int revents)
{
  CURLMcode rc;
  uint64_t count = 0;
  ssize_t err = 0;

  err = read(g->tfd, &count, sizeof(uint64_t));
  if(err == -1) {
    /* Note that we may call the timer callback even if the timerfd isn't
     * readable. It's possible that there are multiple events stored in the
     * epoll buffer (i.e. the timer may have fired multiple times). The
     * event count is cleared after the first call so future events in the
     * epoll buffer will fail to read from the timer. */
    if(errno == EAGAIN) {
      fprintf(MSG_OUT, "EAGAIN on tfd %d\n", g->tfd);
      return;
    }
  }
  if(err != sizeof(uint64_t)) {
    fprintf(stderr, "read(tfd) == %ld", err);
    perror("read(tfd)");
  }

  rc = curl_multi_socket_action(g->multi,
                                  CURL_SOCKET_TIMEOUT, 0, &g->still_running);
  mcode_or_die("timer_cb: curl_multi_socket_action", rc);
  check_multi_info(g);
}



/* Clean up the SockInfo structure */
static void remsock(SockInfo *f, GlobalInfo* g)
{
  if(f) {
    if(f->sockfd) {
      if(epoll_ctl(g->epfd, EPOLL_CTL_DEL, f->sockfd, NULL))
        fprintf(stderr, "EPOLL_CTL_DEL failed for fd: %d : %s\n",
                f->sockfd, strerror(errno));
    }
    free(f);
  }
}



/* Assign information to a SockInfo structure */
static void setsock(SockInfo *f, curl_socket_t s, CURL *e, int act,
                    GlobalInfo *g)
{
  struct epoll_event ev;
  int kind = ((act & CURL_POLL_IN) ? EPOLLIN : 0) |
             ((act & CURL_POLL_OUT) ? EPOLLOUT : 0);

  if(f->sockfd) {
    if(epoll_ctl(g->epfd, EPOLL_CTL_DEL, f->sockfd, NULL))
      fprintf(stderr, "EPOLL_CTL_DEL failed for fd: %d : %s\n",
              f->sockfd, strerror(errno));
  }

  f->sockfd = s;
  f->action = act;
  f->easy = e;

  ev.events = kind;
  ev.data.fd = s;
  if(epoll_ctl(g->epfd, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, s, &ev))
    fprintf(stderr, "EPOLL_CTL_ADD failed for fd: %d : %s\n",
            s, strerror(errno));
}



/* Initialize a new SockInfo structure */
static void addsock(curl_socket_t s, CURL *easy, int action, GlobalInfo *g)
{
  SockInfo *fdp = (SockInfo*)calloc(sizeof(SockInfo), 1);

  fdp->global = g;
  setsock(fdp, s, easy, action, g);
  curl_multi_assign(g->multi, s, fdp);
}

/* CURLMOPT_SOCKETFUNCTION */
static int sock_cb(CURL *e, curl_socket_t s, int what, void *cbp, void *sockp)
{
  GlobalInfo *g = (GlobalInfo*) cbp;
  SockInfo *fdp = (SockInfo*) sockp;
  const char *whatstr[]={ "none", "IN", "OUT", "INOUT", "REMOVE" };

  fprintf(MSG_OUT,
          "socket callback: s=%d e=%p what=%s ", s, e, whatstr[what]);
  if(what == CURL_POLL_REMOVE) {
    fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\n");
    remsock(fdp, g);
  }
  else {
    if(!fdp) {
      fprintf(MSG_OUT, "Adding data: %s\n", whatstr[what]);
      addsock(s, e, what, g);
    }
    else {
      fprintf(MSG_OUT,
              "Changing action from %s to %s\n",
              whatstr[fdp->action], whatstr[what]);
      setsock(fdp, s, e, what, g);
    }
  }
  return 0;
}



/* CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION */
static size_t write_cb(void *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb, void *data)
{
  (void)ptr;
  (void)data;
  return size * nmemb;
}


/* CURLOPT_PROGRESSFUNCTION */
static int prog_cb(void *p, double dltotal, double dlnow, double ult,
                   double uln)
{
  ConnInfo *conn = (ConnInfo *)p;
  (void)ult;
  (void)uln;

  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "Progress: %s (%g/%g)\n", conn->url, dlnow, dltotal);
  return 0;
}


/* Create a new easy handle, and add it to the global curl_multi */
static void new_conn(char *url, GlobalInfo *g)
{
  ConnInfo *conn;
  CURLMcode rc;

  conn = (ConnInfo*)calloc(1, sizeof(ConnInfo));
  conn->error[0]='\0';

  conn->easy = curl_easy_init();
  if(!conn->easy) {
    fprintf(MSG_OUT, "curl_easy_init() failed, exiting!\n");
    exit(2);
  }
  conn->global = g;
  conn->url = strdup(url);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_URL, conn->url);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, write_cb);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_WRITEDATA, conn);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, 1L);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_ERRORBUFFER, conn->error);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_PRIVATE, conn);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_NOPROGRESS, 0L);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_PROGRESSFUNCTION, prog_cb);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_PROGRESSDATA, conn);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, 1L);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_LOW_SPEED_TIME, 3L);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_LOW_SPEED_LIMIT, 10L);
  fprintf(MSG_OUT,
          "Adding easy %p to multi %p (%s)\n", conn->easy, g->multi, url);
  rc = curl_multi_add_handle(g->multi, conn->easy);
  mcode_or_die("new_conn: curl_multi_add_handle", rc);

  /* note that the add_handle() will set a time-out to trigger very soon so
     that the necessary socket_action() call will be called by this app */
}

/* This gets called whenever data is received from the fifo */
static void fifo_cb(GlobalInfo* g, int revents)
{
  char s[1024];
  long int rv = 0;
  int n = 0;

  do {
    s[0]='\0';
    rv = fscanf(g->input, "%1023s%n", s, &n);
    s[n]='\0';
    if(n && s[0]) {
      new_conn(s, g); /* if we read a URL, go get it! */
    }
    else
      break;
  } while(rv != EOF);
}

/* Create a named pipe and tell libevent to monitor it */
static const char *fifo = "hiper.fifo";
static int init_fifo(GlobalInfo *g)
{
  struct stat st;
  curl_socket_t sockfd;
  struct epoll_event epev;

  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "Creating named pipe \"%s\"\n", fifo);
  if(lstat (fifo, &st) == 0) {
    if((st.st_mode & S_IFMT) == S_IFREG) {
      errno = EEXIST;
      perror("lstat");
      exit(1);
    }
  }
  unlink(fifo);
  if(mkfifo (fifo, 0600) == -1) {
    perror("mkfifo");
    exit(1);
  }
  sockfd = open(fifo, O_RDWR | O_NONBLOCK, 0);
  if(sockfd == -1) {
    perror("open");
    exit(1);
  }

  g->fifofd = sockfd;
  g->input = fdopen(sockfd, "r");

  epev.events = EPOLLIN;
  epev.data.fd = sockfd;
  epoll_ctl(g->epfd, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, sockfd, &epev);

  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "Now, pipe some URL's into > %s\n", fifo);
  return 0;
}

static void clean_fifo(GlobalInfo *g)
{
    epoll_ctl(g->epfd, EPOLL_CTL_DEL, g->fifofd, NULL);
    fclose(g->input);
    unlink(fifo);
}


int g_should_exit_ = 0;

void SignalHandler(int signo)
{
  if(signo == SIGINT) {
    g_should_exit_ = 1;
  }
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
  GlobalInfo g;
  struct itimerspec its;
  struct epoll_event ev;
  struct epoll_event events[10];
  (void)argc;
  (void)argv;

  g_should_exit_ = 0;
  signal(SIGINT, SignalHandler);

  memset(&g, 0, sizeof(GlobalInfo));
  g.epfd = epoll_create1(EPOLL_CLOEXEC);
  if(g.epfd == -1) {
    perror("epoll_create1 failed");
    exit(1);
  }

  g.tfd = timerfd_create(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, TFD_NONBLOCK | TFD_CLOEXEC);
  if(g.tfd == -1) {
    perror("timerfd_create failed");
    exit(1);
  }

  memset(&its, 0, sizeof(struct itimerspec));
  its.it_interval.tv_sec = 1;
  its.it_value.tv_sec = 1;
  timerfd_settime(g.tfd, 0, &its, NULL);

  ev.events = EPOLLIN;
  ev.data.fd = g.tfd;
  epoll_ctl(g.epfd, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, g.tfd, &ev);

  init_fifo(&g);

  //初始化curl
  g.multi = curl_multi_init();

  /* setup the generic multi interface options we want */
  curl_multi_setopt(g.multi, CURLMOPT_SOCKETFUNCTION, sock_cb);
  curl_multi_setopt(g.multi, CURLMOPT_SOCKETDATA, &g);
  curl_multi_setopt(g.multi, CURLMOPT_TIMERFUNCTION, multi_timer_cb);
  curl_multi_setopt(g.multi, CURLMOPT_TIMERDATA, &g);

  /* we don't call any curl_multi_socket*() function yet as we have no handles
     added! */

  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "Entering wait loop\n");
  fflush(MSG_OUT);
  while(!g_should_exit_) {
    int idx;
    int err = epoll_wait(g.epfd, events,
                         sizeof(events)/sizeof(struct epoll_event), 10000);
    if(err == -1) {
      if(errno == EINTR) {
        fprintf(MSG_OUT, "note: wait interrupted\n");
        continue;
      }
      else {
        perror("epoll_wait");
        exit(1);
      }
    }

    for(idx = 0; idx < err; ++idx) {
      if(events[idx].data.fd == g.fifofd) {
        fifo_cb(&g, events[idx].events);
      }
      else if(events[idx].data.fd == g.tfd) {
        timer_cb(&g, events[idx].events);
      }
      else {
        event_cb(&g, events[idx].data.fd, events[idx].events);
      }
    }
  }

  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "Exiting normally.\n");
  fflush(MSG_OUT);

  curl_multi_cleanup(g.multi);
  clean_fifo(&g);
  return 0;
}

 

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