FD.io VPP配置文件详解

目录

VPP Configuration File - ‘startup.conf’

Introduction

Command-line Arguments

Configuration File

Configuration Parameters

List of Basic Parameters:

List of Advanced Parameters:

“unix” Parameters

“dpdk” Parameters

“cpu” Parameters

“acl-plugin” Parameters

“api-queue” Parameters

“api-segment” Parameters

“api-trace” Parameters

“buffers” Parameters

“cj” Parameters

“dns” Parameters

“heapsize” Parameters

“ip” Parameters

“ip6” Parameters

“l2learn” Parameters

“l2tp” Parameters

“logging” Parameters

“mactime” Parameters

“map” Parameters

“mc” Parameters

“nat” Parameters

“oam” Parameters

“plugins” Parameters

“plugin_path” Parameters

“punt” Parameters

“session” Parameters

“socketsvr” Parameters

“stats” Parameters

“statseg” Parameters

“tapcli” Parameters

“tcp” Parameters

“tls” Parameters

“tuntap” Parameters

“vhost-user” Parameters

“vlib” Parameters


VPP Configuration File - ‘startup.conf’

After a successful installation, VPP installs a startup config file named ‘startup.conf’ in the ‘/etc/vpp/’’ directory. This file can be tailored to make VPP run as desired, but contains default values for typical installations. Below are more details about this file and parameter and values it contains.

Introduction

The VPP network stack comes with several configuration options that can be provided either on the command line when VPP is started, or in a configuration file. Specific applications built on the stack have been known to require a dozen arguments, depending on requirements.

Command-line Arguments

Parameters are grouped by a section name. When providing more than one parameter to a section, all parameters for that section must be wrapped in curly braces. For example, to start VPP with configuration data via the command line with the section name ‘unix’:

$ sudo /usr/bin/vpp unix { interactive cli-listen 127.0.0.1:5002 }

The command line can be presented as a single string or as several; anything given on the command line is concatenated with spaces into a single string before parsing. VPP applications must be able to locate their own executable images. The simplest way to ensure this will work is to invoke a VPP application by giving its absolute path. For example: ‘/usr/bin/vpp <options>’ At startup, VPP applications parse through their own ELF-sections [primarily] to make lists of init, configuration, and exit handlers.

When developing with VPP, in gdb it’s often sufficient to start an application like this:

(gdb) run unix interactive

Configuration File

It is also possible to supply the configuration parameters in a startup configuration. The path of the file is provided to the VPP application on its command line. The format of the configuration file is a simple text file with the same content as the command line, but with the benefit of being able to use newlines to make the content easier to read. For example:

$ cat /etc/vpp/startup.conf
unix {
  nodaemon
  log /var/log/vpp/vpp.log
  full-coredump
  cli-listen localhost:5002
}

api-trace {
  on
}

dpdk {
  dev 0000:03:00.0
}

VPP is then instructed to load this file with the -c option. For example:

$ sudo /usr/bin/vpp -c /etc/vpp/startup.conf

When the VPP service is started, VPP is started with this option via another installed file, vpp.service (Ubuntu: /lib/systemd/system/vpp.service and CentOS: /usr/lib/systemd/system/vpp.service). See ‘ExecStart’ below:

$ cat /lib/systemd/system/vpp.service
[Unit]
Description=vector packet processing engine
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=simple
ExecStartPre=-/bin/rm -f /dev/shm/db /dev/shm/global_vm /dev/shm/vpe-api
ExecStartPre=-/sbin/modprobe uio_pci_generic
ExecStart=/usr/bin/vpp -c /etc/vpp/startup.conf
ExecStopPost=/bin/rm -f /dev/shm/db /dev/shm/global_vm /dev/shm/vpe-api
Restart=always

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Configuration Parameters

Below is the list of section names and their associated parameters. This is not an exhaustive list of parameters available. The command-line argument parsers can be found in the source code by searching for instances of the VLIB_CONFIG_FUNCTION and VLIB_EARLY_CONFIG_FUNCTION macro.

For example, the invocation ‘VLIB_CONFIG_FUNCTION (foo_config, “foo”)’ will cause the function ‘foo_config’ to receive all parameters given in a parameter block named “foo”: “foo { arg1 arg2 arg3 … }”.

List of Basic Parameters:

unix

dpdk

cpu

List of Advanced Parameters:

acl-plugin

api-queue

api-segment

api-trace

buffers

cj

dns

heapsize

ip

ip6

l2learn

l2tp

logging

mactime

map

mc

nat

oam

plugins

plugin_path

punt

session

socketsvr

stats

statseg

tapcli

tcp

tls

tuntap

vhost-user

vlib

“unix” Parameters

Configure VPP startup and behavior type attributes, as well and any OS based attributes.

  • interactive

    Attach CLI to stdin/out and provide a debugging command line interface. Implies nodaemon.

    Example: interactive

  • nodaemon

    Do not fork / background the vpp process. Typical when invoking VPP applications from a process monitor. Set by default in the default ‘startup.conf’ file.

    Example: nodaemon

  • log <filename>

    Logs the startup configuration and all subsequent CLI commands in filename. Very useful in situations where folks don’t remember or can’t be bothered to include CLI commands in bug reports. The default ‘startup.conf’ file is to write to ‘/var/log/vpp/vpp.log’.

    In VPP 18.04, the default log file location was moved from ‘/tmp/vpp.log’ to ‘/var/log/vpp/vpp.log’ . The VPP code is indifferent to the file location. However, if SELinux is enabled, then the new location is required for the file to be properly labeled. Check your local ‘startup.conf’ file for the log file location on your system.

    Example: log /var/log/vpp/vpp-debug.log

  • exec|startup-config <filename>

    Read startup operational configuration from filename. The contents of the file will be performed as though entered at the CLI. The two keywords are aliases for the same function; if both are specified, only the last will have an effect. The file contains CLI commands, for example:

    $ cat /usr/share/vpp/scripts/interface-up.txt

    set interface state TenGigabitEthernet1/0/0 up

    set interface state TenGigabitEthernet1/0/1 up

    Example: startup-config /usr/share/vpp/scripts/interface-up.txt

  • gid number|name>

    Sets the effective group ID to the input group ID or group name of the calling process.

    Example: gid vpp

  • full-coredump

    Ask the Linux kernel to dump all memory-mapped address regions, instead of just text+data+bss.

    Example: full-coredump

  • coredump-size unlimited|<n>G|<n>M|<n>K|<n>

    Set the maximum size of the coredump file. The input value can be set in GB, MB, KB or bytes, or set to ‘unlimited’.

    Example: coredump-size unlimited

  • cli-listen <ipaddress:port>|<socket-path>

    Bind the CLI to listen at address localhost on TCP port 5002. This will accept an ipaddress:port pair or a filesystem path; in the latter case a local Unix socket is opened instead. The default ‘startup.conf’ file is to open the socket ‘/run/vpp/cli.sock’.

    Example: cli-listen localhost:5002 Example: cli-listen /run/vpp/cli.sock

  • cli-line-mode

    Disable character-by-character I/O on stdin. Useful when combined with, for example, emacs M-x gud-gdb.

    Example: cli-line-mode

  • cli-prompt <string>

    Configure the CLI prompt to be string.

    Example: cli-prompt vpp-2

  • cli-history-limit <n>

    Limit commmand history to <n> lines. A value of 0 disables command history. Default value: 50

    Example: cli-history-limit 100

  • cli-no-banner

    Disable the login banner on stdin and Telnet connections.

    Example: cli-no-banner

  • cli-no-pager

    Disable the output pager.

    Example: cli-no-pager

  • cli-pager-buffer-limit <n>

    Limit pager buffer to <n> lines of output. A value of 0 disables the pager. Default value: 100000

    Example: cli-pager-buffer-limit 5000

  • runtime-dir <dir>

    Set the runtime directory, which is the default location for certain files, like socket files. Default is based on User ID used to start VPP. Typically it is ‘root’, which defaults to ‘/run/vpp/’. Otherwise, defaults to ‘/run/user/<uid>/vpp/’.

    Example: runtime-dir /tmp/vpp

  • poll-sleep-usec <n>

    Add a fixed-sleep between main loop poll. Default is 0, which is not to sleep.

    Example: poll-sleep-usec 100

  • pidfile <filename>

    Writes the pid of the main thread in the given filename.

    Example: pidfile /run/vpp/vpp1.pid

“dpdk” Parameters

Command line DPDK configuration controls a number of parameters, including device whitelisting, the number of CPUs available for launching dpdk-eal-controlled threads, the number of I/O buffers, and the process affinity mask. In addition, the DPDK configuration function attempts to support all of the DPDK EAL configuration parameters.

All of the DPDK EAL options should be available. See ../src/plugins/dpdk/device/dpdk_priv.h, look at the set of “foreach_eal_XXX” macros.

Popular options include:

  • dev <pci-dev>

    White-list [as in, attempt to drive] a specific PCI device. PCI-dev is a string of the form “DDDD:BB:SS.F” where:

    DDDD = Domain

    BB = Bus Number

    SS = Slot number

    F = Function

    This is the same format used in the linux sysfs tree (i.e. /sys/bus/pci/devices) for PCI device directory names.

    Example: dev 0000:02:00.0

  • dev <pci-dev> { .. }

    When whitelisting specific interfaces by specifying PCI address, additional custom parameters can also be specified. Valid options include:

    • num-rx-queues <n>

      Number of receive queues. Also enables RSS. Default value is 1.

    • num-tx-queues <n>

      Number of transmit queues. Default is equal to number of worker threads or 1 if no workers treads.

    • num-rx-desc <n>

      Number of descriptors in receive ring. Increasing or reducing number can impact performance. Default is 1024.

    • num-rt-desc <n>

      Number of descriptors in transmit ring. Increasing or reducing number can impact performance. Default is 1024.

    • workers

      TBD

    • vlan-strip-offload on|off:

      VLAN strip offload mode for interface. VLAN stripping is off by default for all NICs except VICs, using ENIC driver, which has VLAN stripping on by default.

    • hqos

      Enable the Hierarchical Quaity-of-Service (HQoS) scheduler, default is disabled. This enables HQoS on specific output interface.

    • hqos { .. }

      HQoS can also have its own set of custom parameters. Setting a custom parameter also enables HQoS.
      • hqos-thread <n>

        HQoS thread used by this interface. To setup a pool of threads that are shared by all HQoS interfaces, set via the*’cpu’* section using either ‘corelist-hqos-threads’ or ‘coremask-hqos-threads’.

    • rss

      TBD

    Example:

    dev 0000:02:00.1 {

    num-rx-queues 2

    num-tx-queues 2

    }

  • vdev <eal-command>

    Provide a DPDK EAL command to specify bonded Ethernet interfaces, operating modes and PCI addresses of slave links. Only XOR balanced (mode 2) mode is supported.

    Example:

    vdev eth_bond0,mode=2,slave=0000:0f:00.0,slave=0000:11:00.0,xmit_policy=l34

    vdev eth_bond1,mode=2,slave=0000:10:00.0,slave=0000:12:00.0,xmit_policy=l34

  • num-mbufs <n>

    Increase number of buffers allocated. May be needed in scenarios with large number of interfaces and worker threads, or a lot of physical interfaces with multiple RSS queues. Value is per CPU socket. Default is 16384.

    Example: num-mbufs 128000

  • no-pci

    When VPP is started, if an interface is not owned by the linux kernel (interface is administratively down), VPP will attempt to manage the interface. ‘no-pci’ indicates that VPP should not walk the PCI table looking for interfaces.

    Example: no-pci

  • no-hugetlb

    Don’t use huge TLB pages. Potentially useful for running simulator images.

    Example: no-hugetlb

  • kni <n>

    Number of KNI interfaces. Refer to the DPDK documentation.

    Example: kni 2

  • uio-driver uio_pci_generic|igb_uio|vfio-pci|auto

    Change UIO driver used by VPP. Default is ‘auto’.

    Example: uio-driver igb_uio

  • socket-mem <n>

    Change hugepages allocation per-socket, needed only if there is need for larger number of mbufs. Default is 64 hugepages on each detected CPU socket.

    Example: socket-mem 2048,2048

Other options include:

  • enable-tcp-udp-checksum

    Enables UDP/TCP RX checksum offload.

    Example: enable-tcp-udp-checksum

  • no-multi-seg

    Disable mutli-segment buffers, improves performance but disables Jumbo MTU support.

    Example: no-multi-seg

  • no-tx-checksum-offload

    Disables UDP/TCP TX checksum offload. Typically needed for use faster vector PMDs (together with no-multi-seg).

    Example: no-tx-checksum-offload

  • decimal-interface-names

    Format DPDK device names with decimal, as opposed to hexadecimal.

    Example: decimal-interface-names

  • log-level emergency|alert|critical|error|warning|notice|info|debug

    Set the log level for DPDK logs. Default is ‘notice’.

    Example: log-level error

  • dev default { .. }

    Change default settings for all intefaces. This sections supports the same set of custom parameters described in ‘dev <pci-dev> { .. }’.

    Example:

    dev default {

    num-rx-queues 3

    num-tx-queues 3

    }

“cpu” Parameters

Command-line CPU configuration controls the creation of named thread types, and the cpu affinity thereof. In the VPP there is one main thread and optionally the user can create worker(s). The main thread and worker thread(s) can be pinned to CPU core(s) automatically or manually.

Automatic Pinning:

  • workers <n>

    Create <n> worker threads.

    Example: workers 4

  • io <n>

    Create <n> i/o threads.

    Example: io 2

  • main-thread-io

    Handle i/o devices from thread 0, hand off traffic to worker threads. Requires “workers <n>”.

    Example: main-thread-io

  • skip-cores <n>

    Sets number of CPU core(s) to be skipped (1 … N-1). Skipped CPU core(s) are not used for pinning main thread and working thread(s). The main thread is automatically pinned to the first available CPU core and worker(s) are pinned to next free CPU core(s) after core assigned to main threadLeave the low nn bits of the process affinity mask clear.

    Example: skip-cores 4

Manual Pinning:

  • main-core <n>

    Assign main thread to a specific core.

    Example: main-core 1

  • coremask-workers <hex-mask>

    Place worker threads according to the bitmap hex-mask.

    Example: coremask-workers 0x0000000000C0000C

  • corelist-workers <list>

    Same as coremask-workers but accepts a list of cores instead of a bitmap.

    Example: corelist-workers 2-3,18-19

  • coremask-io <hex-mask>

    Place I/O threads according to the bitmap hex-mask.

    Example: coremask-io 0x0000000003000030

  • corelist-io <list>

    Same as coremask-io but accepts a list of cores instead of a bitmap.

    Example: corelist-io 4-5,20-21

  • coremask-hqos-threads <hex-mask>

    Place HQoS threads according to the bitmap hex-mask. A HQoS thread can run multiple HQoS objects each associated with different output interfaces.

    Example: coremask-hqos-threads 0x000000000C0000C0

  • corelist-hqos-threads <list>

    Same as coremask-hqos-threads but accepts a list of cores instead of a bitmap.

    Example: corelist-hqos-threads 6-7,22-23

Other:

  • use-pthreads

    TBD

    Example: use-pthreads

  • thread-prefix <prefix>

    Set a prefix to be prepended to each thread name. The thread name already contains an underscore. If not provided, the default is ‘vpp’. Currently, prefix used on threads: ‘vpp_main’‘vpp_stats’

    Example: thread-prefix vpp1

  • scheduler-policy rr|fifo|batch|idle|other

    TBD

    Example: scheduler-policy fifo

  • scheduler-priority <n>

    Set the scheduler priority. Only valid if the ‘scheduler-policy’ is set to ‘fifo’ or ‘rr’. The valid ranges for the scheduler priority depends on the ‘scheduler-policy’ and the current kernel version running. The range is typically 1 to 99, but see the linux man pages for ‘sched’ for more details. If this value is not set, the current linux kernel default is left in place.

    Example: scheduler-priority 50

  • <thread-name> <count>

    Set the number of threads for a given thread (by name). Some threads, like ‘stats’, have a fixed number of threads and cannot be changed. List of possible threads include (but not limited too): hqos-threads, workers

    Example: hqos-threads 2

Note

The “main” thread always occupies the lowest core-id specified in the DPDK [process-level] coremask.

Here’s a full-bore manual placement example:

/usr/bin/vpp  unix interactive tuntap disable cpu { main-thread-io coremask-workers 18 coremask-stats 4 } dpdk { coremask 1e }

# taskset -a -p <vpe-pid>
pid 16251's current affinity mask: 2        # main thread
pid 16288's current affinity mask: ffffff   # DPDK interrupt thread (not bound to a core)
pid 16289's current affinity mask: 4        # stats thread
pid 16290's current affinity mask: 8        # worker thread 0
pid 16291's current affinity mask: 10       # worker thread 1

“acl-plugin” Parameters

The following parameters should only be set by those that are familiar with the interworkings of VPP and the ACL Plugin.

The first three parameters, connection hash bucketsconnection hash memory, and connection count max, set the connection table per-interface parameters for modifying how the two bounded-index extensible hash tables for IPv6 (40*8 bit key and 8*8 bit value pairs) and IPv4 (16*8 bit key and 8*8 bit value pairs) ACL plugin FA interface sessions are initialized.

  • connection hash buckets <n>

    Sets the number of hash buckets (rounded up to a power of 2) in each of the two bi-hash tables. Defaults to 64*1024 (65536) hash buckets.

    Example: connection hash buckets 65536

  • connection hash memory <n>

    Sets the number of bytes used for “backing store” allocation in each of the two bi-hash tables. Defaults to 1073741824 bytes.

    Example: connection hash memory 1073741824

  • connection count max <n>

    Sets the maximum number of pool elements when allocating each per-worker pool of sessions for both bi-hash tables. Defaults to 500000 elements in each pool.

    Example: connection count max 500000

  • main heap size <n>G|<n>M|<n>K|<n>

    Sets the size of the main memory heap that holds all the ACL module related allocations (other than hash.) Default size is 0, but during ACL heap initialization is equal to per_worker_size_with_slack * tm->n_vlib_mains + bihash_size + main_slack. Note that these variables are partially based on the connection table per-interface parameters mentioned above.

    Example: main heap size 3G

The next three parameters, hash lookup heap sizehash lookup hash buckets, and hash lookup hash memory, modify the initialization of the bi-hash lookup table used by the ACL plugin. This table is initialized when attempting to apply an ACL to the existing vector of ACLs looked up during packet processing (but it is found that the table does not exist / has not been initialized yet.)

  • hash lookup heap size <n>G|<n>M|<n>K|<n>

    Sets the size of the memory heap that holds all the miscellaneous allocations related to hash-based lookups. Default size is 67108864 bytes.

    Example: hash lookup heap size 70M

  • hash lookup hash buckets <n>

    Sets the number of hash buckets (rounded up to a power of 2) in the bi-hash lookup table. Defaults to 65536 hash buckets.

    Example: hash lookup hash buckets 65536

  • hash lookup hash memory <n>

    Sets the number of bytes used for “backing store” allocation in the bi-hash lookup table. Defaults to 67108864 bytes.

    Example: hash lookup hash memory 67108864

  • use tuple merge <n>

    Sets a boolean value indicating whether or not to use TupleMerge for hash ACL’s. Defaults to 1 (true), meaning the default implementation of hashing ACL’s does use TupleMerge.

    Example: use tuple merge 1

  • tuple merge split threshold <n>

    Sets the maximum amount of rules (ACE’s) that can collide in a bi-hash lookup table before the table is split into two new tables. Splitting ensures less rule collisions by hashing colliding rules based on their common tuple (usually their maximum common tuple.) Splitting occurs when the length of the colliding rules vector is greater than this threshold amount. Defaults to a maximum of 39 rule collisions per table.

    Example: tuple merge split threshold 30

  • reclassify sessions <n>

    Sets a boolean value indicating whether or not to take the epoch of the session into account when dealing with re-applying ACL’s or changing already applied ACL’s. Defaults to 0 (false), meaning the default implementation does NOT take the epoch of the session into account.

    Example: reclassify sessions 1

“api-queue” Parameters

The following parameters should only be set by those that are familiar with the interworkings of VPP.

  • length <n>

    Sets the api queue length. Minimum valid queue length is 1024, which is also the default.

    Example: length 2048

“api-segment” Parameters

These values control various aspects of the binary API interface to VPP.

  • prefix <path>

    Sets the prefix prepended to the name used for shared memory (SHM) segments. The default is empty, meaning shared memory segments are created directly in the SHM directory ‘/dev/shm’. It is worth noting that on many systems ‘/dev/shm’ is a symbolic link to somewhere else in the file system; Ubuntu links it to ‘/run/shm’.

    Example: prefix /run/shm

  • uid <number|name>

    Sets the user ID or name that should be used to set the ownership of the shared memory segments. Defaults to the same user that VPP is started with, probably root.

    Example: uid root

  • gid <number|name>

    Sets the group ID or name that should be used to set the ownership of the shared memory segments. Defaults to the same group that VPP is started with, probably root.

    Example: gid vpp

The following parameters should only be set by those that are familiar with the interworkings of VPP.

  • baseva <x>

    Set the base address for SVM global region. If not set, on AArch64, the code will try to determine the base address. All other default to 0x30000000.

    Example: baseva 0x20000000

  • global-size <n>G|<n>M|<n>

    Set the global memory size, memory shared across all router instances, packet buffers, etc. If not set, defaults to 64M. The input value can be set in GB, MB or bytes.

    Example: global-size 2G

  • global-pvt-heap-size <n>M|size <n>

    Set the size of the global VM private mheap. If not set, defaults to 128k. The input value can be set in MB or bytes.

    Example: global-pvt-heap-size size 262144

  • api-pvt-heap-size <n>M|size <n>

    Set the size of the api private mheap. If not set, defaults to 128k. The input value can be set in MB or bytes.

    Example: api-pvt-heap-size 1M

  • api-size <n>M|<n>G|<n>

    Set the size of the API region. If not set, defaults to 16M. The input value can be set in GB, MB or bytes.

    Example: api-size 64M

“api-trace” Parameters

The ability to trace, dump, and replay control-plane API traces makes all the difference in the world when trying to understand what the control-plane has tried to ask the forwarding-plane to do.

  • on|enable

    Enable API trace capture from the beginning of time, and arrange for a post-mortem dump of the API trace if the application terminates abnormally. By default, the (circular) trace buffer will be configured to capture 256K traces. The default ‘startup.conf’ file has trace enabled by default, and unless there is a very strong reason, it should remain enabled.

    Example: on

  • nitems <n>

    Configure the circular trace buffer to contain the last <n> entries. By default, the trace buffer captures the last 256K API messages received.

    Example: nitems 524288

  • save-api-table <filename>

    Dumps the API message table to /tmp/<filename>.

    Example: save-api-table apiTrace-07-04.txt

Typically, one simply enables the API message trace scheme:

api-trace { on }

“buffers” Parameters

Command line Buffer configuration controls buffer management.

  • memory-size-in-mb <n>

    Configure the memory size used for buffers. If not set, VPP defaults to 32MB.

    Example: memory-size-in-mb 64

“cj” Parameters

The circular journal (CJ) thread-safe circular log buffer scheme is occasionally useful when chasing bugs. Calls to it should not be checked in. See …/vlib/vlib/unix/cj.c. The circular journal is disables by default. When enabled, the number of records must be provided, there is no default value.

  • records <n>

    Configure the number of circular journal records in the circular buffer. The number of records should be a power of 2.

    Example: records 131072

  • on

    Turns on logging at the earliest possible moment.

    Example: on

“dns” Parameters

  • max-cache-size <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • max-ttl <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

“heapsize” Parameters

Heapsize configuration controls the size of the main heap. The heap size is configured very early in the boot sequence, before loading plug-ins or doing much of anything else.

  • heapsize <n>M|<n>G

    Specifies the size of the heap in MB or GB. The default is 1GB. Setting the main heap size to 4GB or more requires recompilation of the entire system with CLIB_VEC64 > 0. See …/clib/clib/vec_bootstrap.h.

    Example: heapsize 2G

“ip” Parameters

IPv4 heap configuration. he heap size is configured very early in the boot sequence, before loading plug-ins or doing much of anything else.

  • heap-size <n>G|<n>M|<n>K|<n>

    Set the IPv4 mtrie heap size, which is the amount of memory dedicated to the destination IP lookup table. The input value can be set in GB, MB, KB or bytes. The default value is 32MB.

    Example: heap-size 64M

“ip6” Parameters

IPv6 heap configuration. he heap size is configured very early in the boot sequence, before loading plug-ins or doing much of anything else.

  • heap-size <n>G|<n>M|<n>K|<n>

    Set the IPv6 forwarding table heap size. The input value can be set in GB, MB, KB or bytes. The default value is 32MB.

    Example: heap-size 64M

  • hash-buckets <n>

    Set the number of IPv6 forwarding table hash buckets. The default value is 64K (65536).

    Example: hash-buckets 131072

“l2learn” Parameters

Configure Layer 2 MAC Address learning parameters.

  • limit <n>

    Configures the number of L2 (MAC) addresses in the L2 FIB at any one time, which limits the size of the L2 FIB to <n> concurrent entries. Defaults to 4M entries (4194304).

    Example: limit 8388608

“l2tp” Parameters

IPv6 Layer 2 Tunnelling Protocol Version 3 (IPv6-L2TPv3) configuration controls the method used to locate a specific IPv6-L2TPv3 tunnel. The following settings are mutually exclusive:

  • lookup-v6-src

    Lookup tunnel by IPv6 source address.

    Example: lookup-v6-src

  • lookup-v6-dst

    Lookup tunnel by IPv6 destination address.

    Example: lookup-v6-dst

  • lookup-session-id

    Lookup tunnel by L2TPv3 session identifier.

    Example: lookup-session-id

“logging” Parameters

  • size <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • unthrottle-time <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • default-log-level emerg|alertcrit|err|warn|notice|info|debug|disabled

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • default-syslog-log-level emerg|alertcrit|err|warn|notice|info|debug|disabled

    TBD

    Example: TBD

“mactime” Parameters

  • lookup-table-buckets <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • lookup-table-memory <n>G|<n>M|<n>K|<n>

    TBD

    The input value can be set in GB, MB, KB or bytes. The default value is 256KB.

    Example: TBD

  • timezone_offset <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

“map” Parameters

  • customer edge

    TBD

    Example: customer edge

“mc” Parameters

MC Test Process.

  • interface <name>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • n-bytes <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • max-n-bytes <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • min-n-bytes <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • seed <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • window <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • verbose

    TBD

    Example: verbose

  • no-validate

    TBD

    Example: no-validate

  • min-delay <n.n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • max-delay <n.n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • no-delay

    TBD

    Example: no-delay

  • n-packets <n.n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

“nat” Parameters

  • translation hash buckets <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • translation hash memory <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • user hash buckets <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • user hash memory <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • max translations per user <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • outside VRF id <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • outside ip6 VRF id <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • inside VRF id <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • inside VRF id <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • static mapping only

    TBD

    Example: static mapping only

  • connection tracking

    TBD

    Example: connection tracking

  • deterministic

    TBD

    Example: deterministic

  • nat64 bib hash buckets <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • nat64 bib hash memory <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • nat64 st hash buckets <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • nat64 st hash memory <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • out2in dpo

    TBD

    Example: out2in dpo

  • dslite ce

    TBD

    Example: dslite ce

  • endpoint-dependent

    TBD

    Example: endpoint-dependent

“oam” Parameters

OAM configuration controls the (ip4-icmp) interval, and number of misses allowed before reporting an oam target down to any registered listener.

  • interval <n.n>

    Interval, floating-point seconds, between sending OAM IPv4 ICMP messages. Default is 2.04 seconds.

    Example: interval 3.5

  • misses-allowed <n>

    Number of misses before declaring an OAM target down. Default is 3 misses.

    Example: misses-allowed 5

“plugins” Parameters

A plugin can be disabled by default. It may still be in an experimental phase or only be needed in special circumstances. If this is the case, the plugin can be explicitely enabled in ‘startup.conf’. Also, a plugin that is enabled by default can be explicitely disabled in ‘startup.conf’.

Another useful use of this section is to disable all the plugins, then enable only the plugins that are desired.

  • path <path>

    Adjust the plugin path depending on where the VPP plugins are installed.

    Example: path /home/bms/vpp/build-root/install-vpp-native/vpp/lib64/vpp_plugins

  • name-filter <filter-name>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • vat-path <path>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • vat-name-filter <filter-name>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • plugin <plugin.so> { .. }

    Configure parameters for a given plugin. Valid parameters are as follows:

    • enable

      Enable the given plugin.

    • disable

      Disable the given plugin.

    • skip-version-check

      In the plugin registration, if ‘.version_required’ is set, the plugin will not be loaded if there is version mismatch between plugin and VPP. This can be bypassed by setting “skip-version-check” for specific plugin.

    Example: plugin ila_plugin.so { enable skip-version-check }

  • plugin default { .. }

    Set the default behavior for all plugins. Valid parameters are as follows:

    • disable

      Disable all plugins.

    Example:

    plugin default { disable }

    plugin dpdk_plugin.so { enable }

    plugin acl_plugin.so { enable }

“plugin_path” Parameters

Alternate syntax to choose plugin path. Plugin_path configuration controls the set of directories searched for vlib plugins. Supply a colon-separated list of (absolute) directory names: plugin_path dir1:dir2:…:dirN

Example: plugin_path /home/bms/vpp/build-root/install-vpp-native/vpp/lib64/vpp_plugins

“punt” Parameters

  • socket <path>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

“session” Parameters

  • event-queue-length <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • preallocated-sessions <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • v4-session-table-buckets <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • v4-halfopen-table-buckets <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • v6-session-table-buckets <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • v6-halfopen-table-buckets <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • v4-session-table-memory <n>G|<n>M|<n>K|<n>

    TBD The input value can be set in GB, MB, KB or bytes.

    Example: TBD

  • v4-halfopen-table-memory <n>G|<n>M|<n>K|<n>

    TBD The input value can be set in GB, MB, KB or bytes.

    Example: TBD

  • v6-session-table-memory <n>G|<n>M|<n>K|<n>

    TBD The input value can be set in GB, MB, KB or bytes.

    Example: TBD

  • v6-halfopen-table-memory <n>G|<n>M|<n>K|<n>

    TBD The input value can be set in GB, MB, KB or bytes.

    Example: TBD

  • local-endpoints-table-memory <n>G|<n>M|<n>K|<n>

    TBD The input value can be set in GB, MB, KB or bytes.

    Example: TBD

  • local-endpoints-table-buckets <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • evt_qs_memfd_seg

    TBD

    Example: evt_qs_memfd_seg

“socketsvr” Parameters

Create a socket server for API server (…/vlibmemory/socksvr_vlib.c.). If not set, API server doesn’t run.

  • socket-name <filename>

    Configure API socket filename.

    Example: socket-name /run/vpp/vpp-api.sock

  • default

    Use the default API socket (/run/vpp-api.sock).

    Example: default

“stats” Parameters

Create a socket server for ‘stats’ poller. If not set, ‘stats’* poller doesn’t run.

  • socket-name <filename>

    Configure ‘stats’ socket filename.

    Example: socket-name /run/vpp/stats.sock

  • default

    Use the default ‘stats’ socket (/run/vpp/stats.sock).

    Example: default

“statseg” Parameters

  • size <n>G|<n>M|<n>K|<n>

    TBD The input value can be set in GB, MB, KB or bytes.

    Example: TBD

“tapcli” Parameters

  • mtu <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • disable

    TBD

    Example: disable

“tcp” Parameters

  • preallocated-connections <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • preallocated-half-open-connections <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • buffer-fail-fraction <n.n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

“tls” Parameters

  • se-test-cert-in-ca

    TBD

    Example: se-test-cert-in-ca

  • ca-cert-path <filename>

    TBD If not set, the default is set to ‘/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt’.

    Example: TBD

“tuntap” Parameters

The “tuntap” driver configures a point-to-point interface between the vpp engine and the local Linux kernel stack. This allows e.g. users to ssh to the host | VM | container via vpp “revenue” interfaces. It’s marginally useful, and is currently disabled by default. To [dynamically] create TAP interfaces - the preferred scheme - see the “tap_connect” binary API. The Linux network stack “vnet” interface needs to manually configure, and VLAN and other settings if desired.

  • enable|disable

    Enable or disable the tun/tap driver.

    Example: enable

  • ethernet|ether

    Create a tap device (ethernet MAC) instead of a tun device (point-to-point tunnel). The two keywords are aliases for the same function.

    Example: ethernet

  • have-normal-interface|have-normal

    Treat the host Linux stack as a routing peer instead of programming VPP interface L3 addresses onto the tun/tap devices. The two keywords are aliases for the same function.

    Example: have-normal-interface

  • name <name>

    Assign name to the tun/tap device.

    Example: name vpp1

Here’s a typical multiple parameter invocation:

tuntap { ethernet have-normal-interface name vpp1 }

“vhost-user” Parameters

Vhost-user configuration parameters control the vhost-user driver.

  • coalesce-frames <n>

    Subject to deadline-timer expiration - see next item - attempt to transmit at least <n> packet frames. Default is 32 frames.

    Example: coalesce-frames 64

  • coalesce-time <seconds>

    Hold packets no longer than (floating-point) seconds before transmitting them. Default is 0.001 seconds

    Example: coalesce-time 0.002

  • dont-dump-memory

    vhost-user shared-memory segments can add up to a large amount of memory, so it’s handy to avoid adding them to corefiles when using a significant number of such interfaces.

    Example: dont-dump-memory

“vlib” Parameters

  • memory-trace

    TBD

    Example: memory-trace

  • elog-events <n>

    TBD

    Example: TBD

  • elog-post-mortem-dump

    TBD

    Example: elog-post-mortem-dump

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